The Korean Institute for Science and Technology has presented a novel paradigm for social robots that understand context and situations

KIST (CollaBot) received the ICSR 2022 best award in the ‘hardware, design, and interface’ category; showcasing a robotic library system that understands context and situations is proposed to provide comprehensive services.

Previous studies on social robots were primarily based on humanoid robots that understand the context of situations and provide a range of situation-specific services.

However, the commercialisation of humanoid robots that were expected to perform tasks similar to, if not above, the capabilities of an actual human, was inhibited because the humanoid robot did not function as well as expected.

In addition, because robotic products focus solely on a specific function, they are limited in terms of providing a wide range of assistance adapted to a consumer’s environment and situation.

See also: ‘Fairy’ robot flies by the power of wind and light


various robotic products

To address these limitations, the research team led by KIST’s Dr Sona Kwak developed a robotic library system (CollaBot) that understands situational context by integrating data collected by various robotic products, and offers context-customised assistance.

This system comprising tables, chairs, bookshelves and lights, provides a human-robot interaction based on the collaborations between different robotic products.

The system environment is detailed as follows: the user’s smartphone, door, robotic bookshelf, and robotic chair are all connected; hence, the user can search for and select a book of interest on their smartphone, and the selected book will automatically be brought out from the bookshelf.

The chair functions as a ladder by moving near to the user and letting the user step on it or a cart by transporting several books.

In other words, in addition to executing its original function, each system component also adapts its function depending on the environment to offer user-friendly assistance.

Dr Dahyun Kang of KIST, who designed the interaction of CollaBot said: “The proposed robotic system based on the collaboration between various robotic products provides physical assistance by applying robotics technology to the existing Internet of Things to create a hyper-connected society.

“We expect that this type of system that offers practical assistance in our daily lives can pioneer a novel robotics market.”

This year’s Robot Design Competition at the 13th ICSR was led by the award chair, Amit Kumar Pandey, who participated in the development of key social robots such as Sophia, Nao, and Pepper.

Image 1: CollaBot: robotic library.

Image 2: A chair that alters its functions depending on the situation and context.

© Korea Institute of Science and Technology.