Engaging in wildlife recording is not only good for science in providing raw data on biodiversity, it is also beneficial for people’s wellbeing

Science is not the only beneficiary of Nature-based ‘citizen science’ projects – taking part also boosts the wellbeing of participants and their connection to Nature, according to new research.

The study, Nature Up Close and Personal: A Wellbeing Experiment, is the first large-scale study to measure the wellbeing benefits to the volunteers taking part in citizen science projects – such as the wildlife recording activities providing data that are vital to assess environmental change.

It was conducted during the pandemic restrictions of 2020 by the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UKCEH), the University of Derby, and the British Science Association.  

Five hundred volunteers from across the UK were randomly assigned to carry out a ten-minute Nature-based activity at least five times over eight days: a pollinating insects survey, a butterfly survey, simply spending time in Nature and writing down three good things they noticed, or a combination of both.

The groups were surveyed both before and after taking part to assess differences in their connection to Nature, wellbeing, and pro-Nature behaviour.

The researchers found that all volunteers showed increased scores in wellbeing and feeling connected to Nature after completing their activities. Participants’ comments included: “It gave me permission to slow down”; “It made me more aware of Nature in all aspects of the environment”, and “It reminded me that small things can make a big difference to my mood”.

See also: Research debunks idea that humans aren’t experiencing Nature

human and nature’s wellbeing

In addition, those writing down three good things they noticed, either alone or when combined with Nature recording activities, reported they were more likely to adopt pro-Nature behaviours beyond their involvement in the project, such as planting more pollinator-friendly plants in their gardens, or creating shelters for wildlife, showing that taking part in citizen science has even more benefits for Nature.

Dr Michael Pocock, ecologist and academic lead for public engagement with research at UKCEH, said: “Being in and around Nature is good for our wellbeing, and we’ve shown that focused, active engagement with Nature is just as important – whether that is ‘mindful moments’ in Nature or taking part in citizen science.”

He added: “This has been a valuable exercise for us in exploring how we can make citizen science even better.

“We now know that if we design future projects with additional Nature-noticing activities, for example, we can enhance people’s own connection to Nature, while still collecting valuable data.”

Co-author Professor Miles Richardson, who leads the Nature Connectedness Research Group at the University of Derby, said: “People connect with Nature in different ways, so it’s great to see Nature-based citizen science can provide another form of active engagement that can strengthen the human-Nature relationship.

“When combined with noticing the positive emotions Nature can bring, citizen science and help unite both human and Nature’s wellbeing.”

The research is published in People and Nature.

Image: Wildlife recording. © Dr Michael Pocock.